名人名家—王 朔
发布时间: 2008年04月07日 浏览次数:
    王朔,1958年,出生于辽宁省岫岩县,至今,王朔也不愿讲他是北京人。相反,我是东北人这句话他却说得理直气壮,出生后不久,便随著父母来到北京郊区的一个部队大院落户。
  上中学后,王朔搬进了城,朝阳门的城根下,他和北京的语言发生了直接的交流。在此之前,他对北京文化几乎没什么认识,北京的语言对他来讲是陌生的。由此可见,今天王朔的语言,跟老北京是没有渊源关系的,那是和北京的语言交流后形成的一种独具个性的语言,只能算新北京文化中的一支。
  调侃,成为王朔语言是最大特色。而调侃本身则是一种不硬也不软的语言形式。这种语言形式与其说王朔是把它当成了工具,还不如说王朔把它当成了武器,作为一个普通的人,小时候所面临的不是被尊重而是时时被侵犯。
  有人问王朔:你写作的目的是什么?”“当然是为了名利了。王朔答。王朔写了社会边缘上的人,以往,游手好闲为社会不允许,每个人的社会位置都非常明确,新时期以来,很多人生活在社会边缘。过去中国的中产阶级,依附在权力阶层,由政府、军队、官吏中的一些人士构成。他们不愿从事体力劳动,又没受过太多的教育,社会位置急剧变化,青年中的佼佼者不再是他们,社会位置的提升和知识成正比了。初期是小商小贩打腰提气,现在是受过教育、有能力的人扬眉吐气,每个作家不可能写尽社会中的各色人等,只能写熟悉的人,就像有些人熟悉农民、知识分子一样,王朔对边缘人的了解,使他的笔下都是这一群人。
     1976
年夏,王朔高中毕业后到山东参军,在部队中是一个普通的"操舵兵"、卫生员甚至帮厨。1978年在大学恢复招生的时候,王朔兴起了报考文科的欲望,开始练习写作文,期间偶然将习作投往《解放军文艺》,居然中选,这便是他的处女作,短篇小说《等待》。《等待》是一篇时代印迹很浓并且颇为稚拙的小说,文笔还很学生腔。然而在1978年刚刚粉碎四人帮的当时,它无疑是清新可喜的,一投中的也显示了王朔的创作潜力。
     
此后王朔又写过几篇部队题材的作品,但反响均不大。其间他曾经试图经商,不但没赚到什么钱,倒是体验了许多被骗的心情。这一段致力赚钱的经历,后来被记录在《橡皮人》(曾被改编为电影《大喘气》)和《许爷》等作品中。
     
经商不成,无所事事之中他又开始进行创作。商人的视角使他知道什么东西适于出售,于是他挑选了在普通人眼中颇具神秘色彩的"空中小姐"为自己的描写对象,果然,在《当代》上一投而中。
     
最近又出新书《我的千岁寒》,收入了六篇文字。语言较以前有了新的突破,尤其是开篇《我的千岁寒》,文字简洁,富有诗意,还被赋予了时态。最后一篇《唯物论史纲》谈的是宇宙和物质,虽然有些常识性错误,但语言依然有着王朔式的霸气。
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