名人名家—韩少功
发布时间: 2008年04月07日 浏览次数:
韩少功,男,汉族,笔名少功、艄公等。湖南长沙人。1969年初中毕业后,下放汨罗县的农村插队。1974年调县文化馆工作,开始发表作品。执笔含有大量史料的传记《任弼时》(与甘征文合作)。1978年考入湖南师范学院中文系。1979年发表短篇小说《月兰》(《人民文学19794月)在文坛崭露头角。1982年毕业后在湖南省总工会的杂志《主人翁》任编辑。1984年调作协湖南分会从事专业创作。1988年到海南后开始主编《海南纪实》杂志。1996年与同仁策划文人杂志《天涯》,任杂志社社长。
  
比较著名的有《爸爸爸》、《女女女》等,表现了向民族历史文化深层汲取力量的趋向,饱含深逢的哲学意蕴,在文坛产生很大影响。
   
出版有中短篇小说集《月兰》、《飞过蓝天》、《诱惑》、《空城》、《谋杀》等,文艺理论《面对神秘空阔的世界》。1996年出版的长篇小说《马桥词典》因其标新立意的形式尝试引起各方争论。对传统文化心理的反思和批判是其创作的一个基本主题,他的《西望茅草地》和《飞过蓝天》分获19801981年全国优秀短篇小说奖。
在以韩少功为代表的一批寻根文学倡导者们看来,中国传统文化有规范不规范之分,他们认为传统文化中更多需要肯定和弘扬的是不规范的、存在于野史、传说、边地风俗以及道家思想和禅宗哲学中的文化精华,《女女女》则以强烈的寻根意识,探寻文化规范对自由生命的制约,拷问规范状态下人类生命和人类文明由起源向末日退化的形态,从中发掘出人性中的惰性和冥顽不化的国民劣根性,也完成对传统文化的一次批判。
   
韩少功的中篇小说《爸爸爸》以一种象征、寓言的方式,通过描写一个原始部落鸡头寨的历史变迁,展示了一种封闭、凝滞、愚昧落后的民族文化形态。
   
韩少功通过《爸爸爸》解剖了古老、封闭近乎原始状态的文化惰性,明显地表现了对传统文化持否定批判的态度。韩少功基本上属于一个写实的作家,但由于他对楚巫文化和《离骚》浪漫传统的推崇,在他以强烈的忧患意识审视民族劣根性的同时,以寓言、象征等艺术手段,重新复活了楚文化中光怪陆离、神秘瑰奇的神话意味,使文本涂抹上浪漫神秘的色彩,给人留下了无穷的回味与思考。我们说过,寻根小说大都采取一种貌似传统写实的叙述方式。
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